Classification of lifts
- Passenger elevators. To transport people. Also allow the carriage of goods if the total mass of passengers and cargo does not exceed lift capacity.
- Hospital. Elevators for medical institutions. Used to transport patients, including hospital vehicles (gurneys, wheelchairs) with an accompanying person (usually a lifter).
- Combination. To transport people and goods. Has increased the floor space and the size of the doors. Currently these elevators are called "passenger".
- Freight. To transport goods, equipment and materials.
- Trucks with a guide. For the transport of goods and persons accompanying them.
- Trucks without a guide. For the transport of goods only. Equipped with external control the movement of people in these elevators are not allowed.
- Freight small. Generally used in restaurants and cafes (for lifting food), libraries, warehouses, etc. Capacity is usually from 5 to 300 kg. Lifting people in them is strictly prohibited.
- Industrial. For installation in dusty buildings, which contain corrosive gases, explosive and flammable environment and hazardous industries.
- Clutch release. In an elevator ropes wrapped around the cabin below.
- Paving. Cab leaves the floor. Sidewalk elevator can be releaser.
- Freight with monorail, built the cabin.
- Freight (small shop).
- Wheelchairs platform. For moving people with limited physical abilities in the cottages, office and public buildings.
- Pneumatic. Work by air is pumped out of the cylinder in the section above the cab, the latter begins to rise under atmospheric pressure below the cockpit. The rise is due to the difference in pressure above and below the cabin.
- Cottage. From conventional serial elevators differ as follows: low power consumption, the ability to work offline when power failure in the house, light weight, minimum dimensions of the mine.
- Construction elevators. Designed to lift and supply of cargo inside buildings or holes in the roof.
- Scissors lifts. Fixed lifting device for vertical movement of goods from one level to another.
- Car parking system.
- Panoramic. Not have their own elevator shafts. Cockpit panoramic elevator passengers opened an overview of outer space. Transparent walls lift deprives some people feel uncomfortable while in a confined space.
- Home Lifts. Elevators installed in apartments and homes powered by conventional 220 W AC, can use the minimum power (700 W) to raise and lower up to 300 kg, the required light weight lift to reduce the impact on structures.
According to the construction of the drive:
- An electrically driven.
- With the winch. Have a rigid connection with the car and counterweight drum.
- Winch traction. Do not have a rigid connection car and counterweight traction.
- With hydraulic drive.
- With pneumatic actuators.
On the drive design distinguish the winch gear and gearless. Winch with gear drive used on the elevators with small velocity, gearless winches are used, on the contrary, on the elevators with high speeds.
There are elevators and the courts. They were built (and some still are) in Canada, Germany, France and Russia.
Since the beginning of the XXI century is developing projects to build a space elevator, which would allow to lift loads into orbit.
The story, which is used to present new projects, called "presentation for the lift." Generally, this presentation should be short enough that it can be fully tell during a trip in the lift.
Skyscraper, USA ("Sears Tower" in Chicago) has 106 elevators, 16 of them are two-story, that is, take and drop off passengers from two floors. Two express elevators for visitors to the observation deck on the roof overcome 412 meters per minute and a few seconds.
The most high-speed elevators installed in the tower of Taipei 101 - 16.83 m / s (60.6 km / h).